Installing the Linux guest

First, prepare the networking for your machinery platform on the host side.

Sparc and PowerPC dependencies::

$ sudo apt-get install openbios-sparc openbios-ppc

Next, get the list of virtual machines for which to configure the interface from conf/qemu.conf. For example, ubuntu_x32, ubuntu_x64, ubuntu_arm, ubuntu_mips, ubuntu_mipsel, et cetera. For each VM, preconfigure a network tap interface on the host, required to avoid having to start as root, e.g.:

$ sudo ip tuntap add dev tap_ubuntu_x32 mode tap user cape
$ sudo ip link set tap_ubuntu_x32 master br0
$ sudo ip link set dev tap_ubuntu_x32 up
$ sudo ip link set dev br0 up

$ sudo ip tuntap add dev tap_ubuntu_x64 mode tap user cape
$ sudo ip link set tap_ubuntu_x64 master br0
$ sudo ip link set dev tap_ubuntu_x64 up
$ sudo ip link set dev br0 up

Note that if you run CAPE as a different user, replace ``cape`` after -u with your user. You also have a script in utils/

Preparing x32/x64 Linux guests


For Linux guests on an Azure hypervisor, installing Python3 32-bit breaks the way that the Azure agent starts: So the use of the monitor is limited to what can be run with the 64-bit version of Python3. You will have to comment out the architecture check in the CAPE for the CAPE agent to start. To reiterate, this warning is only relevant if you are using an Azure hypervisor.

x32 guests

Install support file dependencies:

$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install python3-pip systemtap-runtime
$ pip3 install pyinotify
$ pip3 install Pillow       # optional
$ pip3 install pyscreenshot # optional
$ pip3 install pyautogui    # optional

x64 guests

Install support file dependencies (we need Python3 32-bit):

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
$ sudo apt update
$ sudo apt install python3:i386 -y
$ sudo apt install python3-distutils -y
$ sudo apt install systemtap-runtime -y
$ curl -sSL -o
$ python3
$ python3 -m pip install pyinotify
$ python3 -m pip install Pillow       # optional
$ python3 -m pip install pyscreenshot # optional
$ python3 -m pip install pyautogui    # optional

Ensure the agent automatically starts. The easiest way is to add it to crontab:

$ sudo crontab -e
@reboot python3 /path/to/

Disable the firewall inside of the VM, if it exists:

$ sudo ufw disable

Disable NTP inside of the VM:

$ sudo timedatectl set-ntp off

Disable auto-update for noise reduction:

$ sudo tee /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/20auto-upgrades << EOF
APT::Periodic::Update-Package-Lists "0";
APT::Periodic::Download-Upgradeable-Packages "0";
APT::Periodic::AutocleanInterval "0";
APT::Periodic::Unattended-Upgrade "0";

$ sudo systemctl stop snapd.service && sudo systemctl mask snapd.service

If needed, kill the unattended-upgrade process using htop or ps + kill.

Optional - preinstalled remove software and configurations:

$ sudo apt-get purge update-notifier update-manager update-manager-core ubuntu-release-upgrader-core -y
$ sudo apt-get purge whoopsie ntpdate cups-daemon avahi-autoipd avahi-daemon avahi-utils -y
$ sudo apt-get purge account-plugin-salut libnss-mdns telepathy-salut -y

It is recommended to configure the Linux guest with a static IP addresses. Make sure the machine entry in the configuration has the correct IP address and has the platform variable set to linux. Create a snapshot once the VM has been configured. It is now ready for analysis!